Greece – national elections: victory of the conservative forces

In Greece, national elections were held on Sunday 21 May under the proportional representation system introduced in 2016. 60.92% of the electorate participated in the elections, which gave about 39% of abstention, slightly less than the previous elections in 2019, when abstention reached the 43% of the electorate.


The conservative New Democracy party, which had already been governing autonomously for the last four years, received 40.79% – 146 seats, maintaining – and increasing by 200,000 – the number of votes it had received in 2019. SYRIZA fell to 20.07% compared to the 31.53% that received in the previous elections and counts now with 71 seats. PASOK – the Greek socialist party increased its share to 11.46% compared to 8.10% in the previous elections and won 41 seats. It should be noted that this was the first election with the socialist new President, Nikos Androulakis. The Communist Party of Greece also increased its percentage to 7.23% and 26 seats, compared to 5.30% in the previous elections. The far-right party Hellenic Solution also increased its share, receiving 4.45% and 16 seats compared to the 3.70% it received in 2019. The MeRA25 Alliance for the Rupture received 2.62% – compared to 3.44% in 2019 – and failed to enter the parliament.

Government formation

Under the proportional representation system, the first party or a combination of parties needs to garner an electoral share of close to 50% and 151 seats in order to be able to govern. Yesterday, the President of New Democracy, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, said that he will probably not seek alliances but will move strategically fast towards the next election date (probably on the 25th of June), which will be held with enhanced proportional representation, in order to confirm the broadly enhanced and autonomous majority of his party. Today he has already received a mandate to form a government and developments will be rapid in the coming days.

Electoral trends

Based on the results and despite the enormous challenges faced by the Greek people, the pandemic, the consequences of the war, the energy stock market, privatization, the devaluation of public goods (health, education, public transport, information, etc.), police terrorism and the arms race, the factions expressing maintenance and far-right politics have risen in Greece. At the same time, the Communist Party achieved its rise and rallying of the vote against antipeople’s measures. The socialist party put the brakes on the downward slide it experienced during several elections, while the MeRA25 partnership with People’s Unity and some other left-wing non-aligned forces failed to convince as the main opposition discourse.

Pressenza Athens